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Document ID (ISN)25324
CIS number 76-1057
ISSN - Serial title 0036-3634 - Salud Pública de México
Year 1975
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nájera R.R., Sánchez de la Fuente E.
Title Pesticide poisoning in the Comarca Lagunera district during the agricultural cycle of 1974
Original title Intoxicación por plaguicidas en la comarca lagunera durante el ciclo agrícola de 1974 [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information Sep.-Oct. 1975, Vol.17, No.5, p.687-698. Illus.
Abstract Report of an investigation of an outbreak of pesticide poisoning in the Comarca Lagunera district of Northern Mexico, where mixed agriculture is carried on (cotton, alfalfa, cereals), involving 847 cases and 4 deaths. The majority of the cases, and the most serious, were due to handling of an organophosphorus pesticide Mevidrin (40% of the cases). Use of other pesticides accounted for 16.5% (methyl parathion), 11% (sevin), 8.9% (azodrin), 6.6% (lannate), 2.3% (methyl gusathion) and all other organophosphorus products 14.8%. Only 1.6% of the cases had handled chlorinated hydrocarbon products such as DDT. Path of entry (inhalation (92.5% of the cases), ingestion (5%), and skin contact (2%)) and occupation of those affected are indicated in diagrams. The 4 deaths were due to gross inobservance of elementary precautions. Pharmacology, diagnosis and treatment of pesticide poisoning are reviewed. A report of a discussion of the outbreak, and conclusions (suggestions and plans to improve control, handling and utilisation of pesticides) follows.
Descriptors (primary) poisoning; agriculture; crop protection; pesticides
Descriptors (secondary) guthion; methomyl; Mexico; report; mevidrin; DDT; methyl parathion; organophosphorus compounds; carbamates; survey; chlorinated hydrocarbons; carbaryl; Azodrin
Document type -
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals