ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)24410
CIS number 76-190
Year 1974
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tola S., Hernberg S.
Title Industrial lead exposure in Finland
Original title Ammatillinen lyijyaltistus Suomessa [in Finnish]
Bibliographic information Työterveyslaitoksen tutkimuksia 101, Institute of Occupational Health (Työterveyslaitos), Helsinki, Finland, 1974. 86p. 79 ref.
Abstract Blood lead concentrations (PbB), erythrocyte δ-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase (ALA-D), blood haemoglobin and urinary δ-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) were determined in 2,245 workers from 30 types of work. The PbB levels found are tabulated. Median values per 100ml blood were: brass foundry, 79µg; lead scrap melting, 79µg; storage battery manufacture, 66µg; shipbreaking, 49µg; crystal glass manufacture, 41µg; car radiator repairing, 37.5µg; PVC manufacture, 37µg. In all these industries there was a definite danger of clinical lead poisoning. ALA-D activity gave a fairly good estimate of PbB, and is especially suitable as a screening test. Blood haemoglobin is useful in monitoring lead exposure only if a series of measurements is available. Recommendations for regular health examinations of lead-exposed workers are given. If PbB values exceed 40µg/100ml, annual determination of ALA is also recommended. If several values exceed 70µg/100ml, the workers should be examined at least 6 times a year. Detailed summary in English.
Descriptors (primary) lead; exposure tests; toxicology
Descriptors (secondary) Finland; polyvinyl chloride; ALAD; shipbreaking; survey; urinary ala monitoring; lead industry; motor vehicle industry; plastics industry; glass industry; blood monitoring; foundries; battery and dry cell manufacture
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Shipwrecking
Lead and compounds
Inorganic substances