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Document ID (ISN)22768
CIS number 75-776
ISSN - Serial title 0042-4021 - Verkehrsmedizin und ihre Grenzgebiete
Year 1974
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Thierfeldt P.
Title Risks of traumatic incidents in simulated low-pressure ascents in decompression chamber, their prevention and treatment
Original title Zwischenfälle bei Unterdruckkammeraufstiegen, deren Vorbeugung und Behandlung [in German]
Bibliographic information 1974, Vol.21, No.7, p.230-236.
Abstract The author considers the possibilities of decompression-chamber accidents due to lack of oxygen, low pressure or variations in air pressure. Barotrauma of ear and nasal sinuses, observed in 10% of the cases examined, is the most frequent accident, followed by pre-collapse and collapse due to hypoxia, decompression disturbances and altitude meteorism at heights between 10,000 and 12,000m. Reference is made to the possibility of aero-odontalgia, hypocapnia and vomiting into the respirator. Prevention and treatment. Importance of psychological aspects when conducting simulated ascent tests and necessity for employing experienced personnel for this purpose.
Descriptors (primary) low-pressure chamber tests; health hazards; negative pressure; decompression
Descriptors (secondary) decompression otitis; decompression sickness; hypocapnia; hypoxia; barotrauma
Document type -
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Hypobaric pressure