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Document ID (ISN)112540
CIS number 12-0204
ISSN - Serial title 0013-9270 - Environmental Health
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Prüss-Ustün A., Vickers C., Haefliger P., Bertollini R.
Title Knowns and unknowns on burden of disease due to chemicals: A systematic review
Bibliographic information 2011, No.10:9, 15p. Illus. 95 ref.
Internet access Knowns_and_unknowns_on_burden_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
Abstract Little is known about the global disease burden related to chemicals. This literature survey analyzes the known burden related to selected chemicals or their mixtures. In total, 4.9 million deaths (8.3% of total) and 86 million disability-adjusted life years (5.7% of total) were attributable to environmental exposure and management of selected chemicals in 2004. The largest contributors include indoor smoke from solid fuel use, outdoor air pollution and second-hand smoke, with 2.0, 1.2 and 0.6 million deaths respectively. These are followed by occupational particulates, chemicals involved in acute poisonings, and pesticides involved in self-poisonings, with 375,000, 240,000 and 186,000 annual deaths, respectively. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) toxic substances; chemical products; state of health; fatalities; frequency rates
Descriptors (secondary) atmospheric pollution; smoke; passive smoking; suicide; compilation of statistics; poisoning; literature survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Safety and health information