|Document ID (ISN)||112324|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0925-7535 - Safety Science
|Convention or series no.
||Martínez Aires M.D., Rubio Gámez M.C., Gibb A.
||Prevention through design: The effect of European Directives on construction workplace accidents
||Feb. 2010, Vol.48, No.2, p.248-258. Illus. 30 ref.
||Prevention_through_design_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in English]
||This article first analyzes policies regarding accident prevention in the European Union, as initially stipulated in the European Framework Directive 89/391/EEC (see CIS 89-1401), and more specifically in Directive 92/57/EEC (see CIS 93-1062), on the implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites, concentrating on prevention through design. Whilst designers previously had some responsibilities for reducing risk under common law provisions in many countries, this directive was the first explicit legislation to enforce particular duties upon them. The adaptation of the provisions in this directive to the national legislation of EU member countries is also studied. The second section of the article analyzes the incidence rate of workplace accidents in the construction sector in each country from the year when these regulations came into force until the present time. Based on the evolution of these accident rates, the article postulates the extent to which European policies have contributed to accident prevention in construction. It is now more than a decade since this legislation has been in force which provides a suitable period for a reflective analysis on it is impact.
||European Union; safety by design; construction industry; occupational accidents; frequency rates
||national organization; role of government; comment on directive
||D - Periodical articles
|Broad subject area(s)
||General safety, health and conditions of work
Construction industry and civil engineering