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Document ID (ISN)112317
CIS number 12-0359
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Chorley A.C., Evans B.J., Benwell M.J.
Title Civilian pilot exposure to ultraviolet and blue light and pilot use of sunglasses
Bibliographic information Sep. 2011, Vol.82, No.9, p.895-900. 46 ref.
Internet access Civilian_pilot_exposure_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Abstract A search and appraisal of the relevant literature was conducted which showed that within the airline pilot population, there is limited evidence of a higher prevalence of cataracts. There are no data of other known ultraviolet (UV)-related ocular pathology. There is some evidence of higher prevalence of skin melanomas. Studies measuring cockpit UV radiation levels are limited and leave unanswered questions regarding airline pilot exposure. Data from optical transmission of cockpit windshields demonstrates the UV blocking properties at sea level. No studies have addressed the occupational use of sunglasses in airline pilots. Although it is likely that an aircraft windshield effectively blocks UV-B, the intensity of UV-A and short-wavelength blue light present within the cockpit at altitude is unknown. Pilots may be exposed to solar radiation for periods of many hours during flight where UV radiation is known to be significantly greater. Aircraft windshields should have a standard for optical transmission, particularly of short-wavelength radiation. Clear, un-tinted prescription glasses will offer some degree of UV protection; however, sunglasses will offer superior protection. Any sunglasses used should conform to a national standard.
Descriptors (primary) solar radiation; ultraviolet radiation; eyes; exposure evaluation; aircraft pilots; air transport
Descriptors (secondary) cataract; melanoma; face and eye protection; safety spectacles; literature survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Air transportation
Non-ionizing radiation