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Document ID (ISN)112312
CIS number 12-0131
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Butterworth P., Leach L.S., Strazdins L., Olesen S.C., Rodgers B., Broom D.H.
Title The psychosocial quality of work determines whether employment has benefits for mental health: Results from a longitudinal national household panel survey
Bibliographic information Nov. 2011, Vol.68, No.11, p.806-812. Illus. 48 ref.
Internet access The_psychosocial_quality_of_work_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Abstract This study used longitudinal data to investigate whether the benefits of having a job depend on its psychosocial quality (levels of control, demands and complexity, job insecurity, and unfair pay), and whether poor quality jobs are associated with better mental health than unemployment. It involved the analysis of seven sets of annual data (2001 to 2007) from 7,155 respondents of working age. Longitudinal regression models evaluated the concurrent and prospective association between employment circumstances and mental health. Overall, unemployed respondents had poorer mental health than those who were employed. However the mental health of those who were unemployed was comparable or superior to those in jobs of the poorest psychosocial quality. This pattern was evident in prospective models. The health benefits of becoming employed were dependent on the quality of the job. Moving from unemployment into a high quality job led to improved mental health, however the transition from unemployment to a poor quality job was more detrimental to mental health than remaining unemployed. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) psychology of work organization; mental health; risk factors; terms of employment
Descriptors (secondary) Australia; conditions of work; statistical evaluation; unemployment
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychology of work organization
Mental health