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Document ID (ISN)112255
CIS number 12-0024
ISSN - Serial title 0339-6517 - Documents pour le médecin du travail
Year 2011
Convention or series no. TA 89
Title Occupational contact dermatitis among mechanics
Original title Dermites de contact professionnelles chez les mécaniciens [in French]
Bibliographic information 3rd Quarter 2011, No.127, p.487-502. Illus. 91 ref.
Internet access Dermites_de_contact_chez_les_mécaniciens_[INTERNET_FREE_ACCESS] [in French]
Abstract Occupational skin diseases found among mechanics are mostly irritation or allergic contact dermatitis. The main chemical irritants include solvents, hydraulic fluids, waste engine oil, scouring agents, fuels, detergents, together with physical irritation factors. The main allergens include biocides, rubber additives, metals and plastics. Etiological diagnosis is based on allergy tests with special series and with products encountered at the workplace. Collective prevention involves all means available to reduce exposure. The type of glove used should be suited to the composition of the various products handled. Medical prevention involves avoiding skin contact with irritants as much as possible, and totally avoiding skin contact with allergens. These diseases are considered occupational in nature according to several lists of compensable occupational diseases in France, depending on the chemicals found in the products used in occupational settings.
Descriptors (primary) irritants; allergens; diagnosis; skin diseases; eczema; medical treatment; limitation of exposure; metalworking industry; health hazards
Descriptors (secondary) France; formaldehyde; isothiazolinones; lubricating oils; additives; rubber chemicals; cutting fluids; protective gloves; compensation of occupational diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Toxic and dangerous substances
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Metalworking industry