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Document ID (ISN)112216
CIS number 11-0896
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hilton M.F., Whiteford H.A.
Title Associations between psychological distress, workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes
Bibliographic information Dec. 2010, Vol.83, No.8, p.923-933. 50 ref.
Internet access Associations_between_psychological_distress.pdf [in English]
Abstract This study investigates associations between psychological distress and workplace accidents, workplace failures and workplace successes. The Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) was distributed to employees of 58 large employers in Australia. A total of 60,556 full-time employees were eligible for analysis. The HPQ probed whether the respondent had, in the past 30-days, a workplace accident, success or failure. Psychological distress was quantified using the Kessler 6 (K6) scale and categorised into low, moderate and high psychological distress. Three binomial logistic regressions were performed with the dependent variables being workplace accident, success or failure. Covariates in the models were K6 category, gender, age, marital status, education level, job category, physical health and employment sector. Moderate and high psychological distress significantly increased the odds ratio (OR) for a workplace accident to 1.4 for both levels of distress. Moderate and high psychological distress significantly increased the OR (OR 2.3 and 2.6, respectively) for a workplace failure and significantly decreased the OR for a workplace success (OR 0.8 and 0.7, respectively). Implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) psychology of work organization; mental health; occupational accidents; stress factors; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) Australia; large enterprises; subjective assessment; questionnaire survey; statistical evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychology of work organization
Mental health
Psychosocial factors and the role of management