ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)112123
CIS number 11-0857
Year 2009
Convention or series no. RR 682
Author(s) VÚchot L., Cusco L., Hare J.
Health and Safety Executive
Title Development of fire protection measures for vessels containing reactive chemicals
Bibliographic information HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. viii, 55p. Illus. 13 ref.
Internet access RR_682.pdf [in English]
Abstract The objective of this research was to develop a better understanding of the phenomena that occur when a vessel containing reactive chemicals is exposed to an external fire and to assess possible preventive and mitigation measures. An experimental calorimetric system for the simulating the effects on chemicals in vessels under fire loading was developed. The validities of theoretical models for the correction of adiabatic data were tested experimentally and dynamic simulations of large-scale vessels containing reactive chemicals exposed to a pool fire were carried out in order to study the effect of the presence of an insulation layer. This research forms a useful basis for HSE to assess the adequacy of the safety systems on a range of process reactors containing reactive chemicals and on storage vessels for reactive monomers. These installations vary in size from small reactors common in the pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries to the large, several hundred tonne capacity storage vessels used in the petrochemical industry.
Descriptors (primary) United Kingdom; pressure vessels and systems; vats; fire hazards; chemical reactions
Descriptors (secondary) safety engineering; safety by design; public OSH institutions; research; report
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Fires
Chemical industry