ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)112068
CIS number 11-0691
ISSN - Serial title 0925-7535 - Safety Science
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Papadakis G.A., Chalkidou A.A.
Title The exposure-damage approach in the quantification of occupational risk in workplaces involving dangerous substances
Bibliographic information 2008, Vol.46, p.972-991. Illus. 24 ref.
Internet access The_exposure-damage_approach.pdf [in English]
Abstract This study proposes a new approach for the quantification of occupational risk, overcoming the limitations of the common qualitative methodologies widely used by industry and authorities. The proposed methodological approach is based on the principles of quantitative risk assessment (QRA) for the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances. The index of individual occupational risk is introduced as a probability function of four variables, normalized over actual working time: the frequency of an active hazard, the probability of an employee being present at a work-place, the extent of distinct consequence zones and the employee vulnerability. The methodology was applied to several industrial environments and has verified its potentiality to provide documented support on important decisions on occupationa lsafety and health measures related to process safety conditions, job management, protective systems, consequence mitigation measures and personal protective measures.
Descriptors (primary) dangerous substances; hazard evaluation; major hazards
Descriptors (secondary) human factors; exposure evaluation; mathematical models; case study; description of technique
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation
Major hazards