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Document ID (ISN)111975
CIS number 11-0741
ISSN - Serial title 0003-6870 - Applied Ergonomics
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bridger R.S., Brasher K., Dew A., Kilminster S.
Title Job stressors in naval personnel serving on ships and in personnel serving ashore over a twelve month period
Bibliographic information July 2011, Vol.42, No.5, p.710-718. Illus. 28 ref.
Abstract Sixty one percent of United Kingdom Navy respondents to a questionnaire survey of occupational stress (Phase I) returned follow-up questionnaires twelve months later (Phase II). The questionnaires measured psychological strain resulting from exposure to occupational stressors and measured the presence of stress buffers and demographic, psychological and lifestyle-related confounding factors, including age, rank and gender, mood state and the occurrence of stressful life events outside of work. The prevalence of strain was 31% at Phase I and 33% at Phase II. Fifty percent of personnel had no strain on either occasion, 15% had strain on both occasions and the remainder had strain on one occasion. The main stressor associated with strain at Phase I was an inability to disengage from work and this stressor accounted for a greater proportion of the variance in strain in personnel serving on ships than those serving ashore. The twelve-month follow-up questionnaire (Phase II) re-assessed psychological strain. A multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to identify factors measured at Phase I that predicted strain at Phase II in previously strain-free individuals. A lack of autonomy and control and dissatisfaction with living conditions predicted strain twelve months later in those serving on ships. Of the living conditions assessed, lack of privacy was the most strongly associated with strain twelve months later in those serving on ships. These stressors were not associated with strain twelve months later in those serving ashore. The findings suggest that improvements to the design of the environment on ships may have benefits for the psychological health of personnel.
Descriptors (primary) United Kingdom; ships; psychology of work organization; defence services; stress factors
Descriptors (secondary) human relations; questionnaire survey; statistical evaluation; social aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Mental stress and burnout
Psychology of work organization
Fire fighting, police, prisons and the armed forces