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Document ID (ISN)111907
CIS number 11-0596
ISSN - Serial title 0962-7480 - Occupational Medicine
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wadsworth E.J., Chaplin K.S., Smith A.P.
Title The work environment, stress and well-being
Bibliographic information 2010, Vol.60, p.635-639. Illus. 18 ref.
Abstract Much recent work extending the field of job characteristics to include positive aspects of work makes the implicit assumption that the absence of negative work characteristics is equivalent to the presence of positive work characteristics. Data from 8755 workers were analysed to compare the impacts of the presence or absence of job characteristics (job demand, extrinsic effort and social support) in associations with both positive (job satisfaction) and negative (work-related stress) outcome measures. Comparable presence and absence impacts were apparent for extrinsic effort in association with work-related stress. However, in the association between job demand and work-related stress, the presence of high levels of job demand had a significantly greater impact than the absence of high levels of job demand; while in the association between social support and job satisfaction, the absence of high levels of social support had a significantly greater impact than the presence of high levels of social support. It is concluded that it is not always appropriate to assume that the absence of negative aspects of the work environment is equivalent to the presence of positive aspects.
Descriptors (primary) state of health; psychology of work organization; mental health; stress factors
Descriptors (secondary) United Kingdom; psychology and sociology; stress studies; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychology of work organization
Mental stress and burnout