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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)111751
CIS number 11-0355
ISSN - Serial title 0962-7480 - Occupational Medicine
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kaufman-Cohen Y., Ratzon N.Z.
Title Correlation between risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders among classical musicians
Bibliographic information 2011, Vol.61, p.90-95. 30 ref.
Abstract Musculoskeletal disorders in humans may originate from biomechanical, environmental, psychosocial and personal risk factors encountered in the working environment. These disorders in musicians are designated as playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD). The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between biomechanical, environmental, psychosocial and personal risk factors and potential incidence of PRMD arising in professional classical musicians. Fifty-nine orchestral classical musicians were observed. They also filled out questionnaires providing information regarding musculoskeletal symptoms, psychosocial factors and demography. Clinical observation using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) showed significantly higher scores in string musicians compared with woodwind and brass players. A multivariate regression model showed statistical significance for five of the six dependent variables regarding prevalence of painful joints, severity of musculoskeletal symptoms and functional limitation. The regression analysis revealed that biomechanical risk factors, perceived physical environment risk factors, instrument weight and average playing hours per week, were the main predictors of PRMD. The biomechanical risk factors that predict PRMD are mainly associated with the upper limbs. A high association between PRMD and clinical observation emphasizes the need for further investigation of these risk factors and to study possible implementations in order to define prevention strategies for musical routines and patterns, as used by classical musicians.
Descriptors (primary) musculoskeletal diseases; musicians; risk factors; frequency rates
Descriptors (secondary) Israel; upper extremity disorders; physical workload; work posture; body mechanics; subjective assessment; questionnaire survey; job study; statistical evaluation; length of exposure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Other industries and occupations
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Entertainment services and sports