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Document ID (ISN)111671
CIS number 11-0432
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2011
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tak S., Calvert G.M.
Title The estimated national burden of physical ergonomic hazards among US workers
Bibliographic information 2011, Vol.54, p.395-404. Illus. 36 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to estimate the national burden of physical ergonomic hazards among working adults in the United States. The population prevalence and the total number of workers who are exposed to physical ergonomic hazards, such as vibration, working in cramped space, kneeling, body bending or twisting, climbing and repetitive motions were estimated using Occupational Information Network (O*NET) data and the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), stratified by occupation title. Repetitive motion was the most prevalent of all ergonomic hazards (27% of workers are estimated to be exposed continually). Bending or twisting of the body more than half their time at work was also common, involving over 32 million workers (25% of the workforce). Kneeling, crouching, stooping, or crawling was another ergonomic hazard that 14 million workers perform more than half their time at work. Almost 4 million workers climb ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc. for more than half their time at work. It is also estimated that over 13 million workers (10% of the workforce) are exposed to cramped workspace that requires getting into awkward positions every day. Finally, about 3.5 million workers (2.7% of the workforce) are estimated to be exposed to whole body vibration every day.
Descriptors (primary) USA; hand-arm vibration; whole-body vibration; repetitive work; musculoskeletal diseases; work posture; ergonomics; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) premises; squatting posture; kneeling posture; statistical evaluation; computerized data bases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Ergonomics and work organization
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Ergonomics
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Risk evaluation