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Document ID (ISN)111649
CIS number 11-0413
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Burstr÷m L., Jńrvholm B., Nilsson T., Wahlstr÷m J.
Title White fingers, cold environment, and vibration-exposure among Swedish construction workers
Bibliographic information Nov. 2010, Vol.36, No.6, p.509-513. 18 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the association between white fingers, cold environment, and exposure to hand-arm vibration (HAV). The hypothesis was that working in cold climate increases the risk of white fingers. The occurrence of white fingers was investigated as a cross-sectional study in a cohort of 134,757 Swedish male construction workers. Exposure to HAV was based on a job-exposure matrix. Living in the north or south of Sweden was, in a subgroup of the cohort, used as an indicator of the exposure to cold environment. The analyses were adjusted for age and use of nicotine products (smoking and snuff). HAV-exposed workers living in a colder climate had a higher risk for white fingers than those living in a warmer climate (odds ratio (OR) 1.71). As expected, it was found that HAV-exposed workers had an increased risk compared to controls (OR 2.02). The risk for white fingers increased with increased level of exposure to HAV and also with age.
Descriptors (primary) Sweden; hand-arm vibration; Raynaud's phenomenon; male workers; construction industry; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) cold workplaces; exposure evaluation; cohort study; cross-sectional study; statistical evaluation; age-linked differences
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Construction industry
Heating, ventilation and climate
Noise, hearing and vibration
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Construction industry and civil engineering
Heat and cold