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Document ID (ISN)111536
CIS number 11-0191
ISSN - Serial title 1745-6673 - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Dounias G., Rachiotis G., Hadjichristodoulou C.
Title Acute lead intoxication in a female battery worker: Diagnosis and management
Bibliographic information 2010, No.5:19, 4p. 15 ref.
Internet access Acute_lead_intoxication.pdf [in English]
Abstract This article presents a case of acute lead intoxication in a 33 year female having worked three months as a cleaner in a battery manufacturing plant. She complained of malaise that had developed in the previous two weeks. Pallor of skin and conjunctiva was the only sign found in physical examination. The blood test on admission revealed normochromic anaemia. Endoscopic investigation of the gastrointestinal system was negative for bleeding. The bone marrow biopsy was unrevealing. At baseline, no attention had been paid to patient's occupational history. The patient's occupational history was later re-evaluated, and she was screened for lead intoxication. The increased levels of the lead related biomarkers of exposure and effect confirmed the diagnosis. The patient received an oral chelating agent, resulting in an improvement in clinical picture. No side effects and no rebound effect were observed. This case report emphasizes the importance of the occupational history in the context of the differential diagnosis. Moreover, this report indicates that lead remains a significant occupational hazard especially in the small scale battery industry.
Descriptors (primary) lead and compounds; lead poisoning; symptoms; battery and dry cell manufacture
Descriptors (secondary) small enterprises; diagnosis; medical treatment; recycling of materials; hospitals; case study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Lead and compounds
Metal reclamation and scrap metal industries