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Document ID (ISN)111491
CIS number 11-0219
ISSN - Serial title 0339-6517 - Documents pour le médecin du travail
Year 2010
Convention or series no. TA 84
Author(s) Crépy M.N.
Title Occupational allergic skin diseases to metals. First part: contact allergies to nickel
Original title Dermatoses professionnelles allergiques aux métaux. Première partie: allergie de contact au nickel [in French]
Bibliographic information Mar. 2010, No.121, p.91-103. Illus. 80 ref.
Internet access TA_84.pdf [in French]
Abstract Occupational allergic skin diseases to nickel are mainly allergic contact dermatitis. Metallic nickel is present in the composition of many alloys and is widely used in industry. Exposed occupations include metalworkers, hairdressers, motor mechanics, cashiers, shopkeepers in contact with coins, construction workers and workers in the healthcare, food and cleaning sectors. Nickel metal and its salts are allergenic. The risk of sensitization depends on the amount of nickel ion released into the environment and the skin concentration of nickel. It is the allergen with the highest prevalence of positive patch tests. The etiological diagnosis is based on history, physical examination and testing for suspected allergy. Professional relevance of positive patch tests to nickel should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Prevention involves implementing all possible measures to reduce exposure. There exists a EU directive limiting the release of nickel from alloy objects: this includes jewellery, some personal items but it does not include coins or work tools. Occupational allergic skin diseases to nickel are compensated in France under Table 37 of occupational diseases in the general system of Social Security and under Table 44 for the agricultural system.
Descriptors (primary) France; occupational medicine; nickel and compounds; skin diseases; eczema
Descriptors (secondary) allergens; sensitization; diagnosis; limitation of exposure; compensation of occupational diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Nickel and compounds
Skin diseases