|Document ID (ISN)||111330|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1745-6673 - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
|Convention or series no.
||Yokel R.A., Macphail R.C.
||Engineered nanomaterials: Exposures, hazards and risk prevention
||Mar. 2011, 6:7, 27p. Illus. 229 ref.
||Engineered_nanomaterials.pdf [in English]
||The understanding of the occupational, health and safety aspects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) is still in its formative stage. A survey of the literature indicates that the available information is incomplete, many of the early findings have not been independently verified and some may have been over-interpreted. This review describes ENMs briefly, their application, the ENM workforce, the major routes of human exposure, some examples of uptake and adverse effects, what little has been reported on occupational exposure assessment and approaches to minimize exposure and health hazards, including fume hoods and personal protective equipment. Results showing the effectiveness of some of these controls are also included. Given the notable lack of information, current recommendations to minimize exposure and hazards are largely based on common sense, knowledge by analogy to ultrafine material toxicity, and general health and safety recommendations.
||nanoparticles; exposure evaluation; health hazards; risk factors; nanotechnology
||local exhaust; protective clothing; limitation of exposure; safe working methods; literature survey
||D - Periodical articles
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Nanotechnology and nanoparticles