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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)111275
CIS number 10-0800
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Laaksonen M., Piha K., Martikainen P., Rahkonen O., Lahelma E.
Title Health-related behaviours and sickness absence from work
Bibliographic information Dec. 2009, Vol.66, No.12, p.840-847. 36 ref.
Abstract The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare associations of health-related behaviours with self-certified and medically confirmed sickness absence, and to examine whether these associations can be explained by psychosocial and physical working conditions and occupational social class. The study included 5470 female and 1464 male employees of the City of Helsinki surveyed in 2000-2002. These data were linked to sickness absence records until the end of 2005, providing a mean follow-up time of 3.9 years. Poisson regression analysis was used to examine associations of smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, dietary habits and relative weight (body mass index) with self-certified (1-3 days) and medically confirmed (≥4 days) absence spells. Population-attributable fractions were calculated to quantify the sickness absence burden related to the behaviours. Health-related behaviours, smoking and high relative weight in particular, were associated with subsequent sickness absence independently of psychosocial and physical working conditions and social class. Decreasing smoking and relative weight is likely to provide important gains in work ability and reduce sickness absence.
Descriptors (primary) sickness absenteeism; physical fitness; psychology and sociology; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) Finland; alcoholism; smoking; obesity; body weight; cross-sectional study; sex-linked differences; social aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors