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Document ID (ISN)111021
CIS number 10-0524
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wang J., Schmitz N., Smailes E., Sareen J., Patten S.
Title Workplace characteristics, depression, and health-related presenteeism in a general population sample
Bibliographic information May 2010, Vol.52, No.5, p.836-842. 32 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between workplace psychosocial factors, work-family conflicts, depression and health-related presenteeism. It was conducted in the form of a cross-sectional survey of 4032 employees representative of the working population aged 25 to 64 years in Alberta, Canada. Data about workplace characteristics, depression and health-related presenteeism were collected through telephone. Among the participants, 47.3% and 42.9% reported some degree of impaired job performance in completing work and avoiding distraction, respectively. Major depression is the strongest factor associated with avoiding distraction. Job strain and effort-reward imbalance seemed to affect job performance through severity of depression but not major depression. It is concluded that a negative work environment may directly and indirectly affect job performance. Workplace health promotion activities should target organizational factors such as job strain, effort-reward imbalance and work-family conflicts so as to reduce the risk of depression and the direct and indirect effects of these risk factors and depression on productivity.
Descriptors (primary) Alberta; work efficiency; state of health; psychology of work organization
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; presenteeism; depressive neurosis; cross-sectional study; non-occupational factors
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAlberta
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Psychology of work organization