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Document ID (ISN)110979
CIS number 10-0547
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Morfeld P., Noll B., Büchte S.F., Derwall R., Schenk V., Bicker H., Lenaerts H., Schrader N., Dahmann D.
Title Effect of dust exposure and nitrogen oxides on lung function parameters of German coalminers: A longitudinal study applying GEE regression 1974-1998
Bibliographic information Apr. 2010, Vol.83, No.4, p.357-371. Illus. 67 ref.
Abstract Workplace limits for dust and nitrogen oxides are under review in Germany and the European Union. This longitudinal cohort study of German coal miners was conducted to determine the effects of exposure on lung function. Miners who began working underground at two coal mines between 1974 and 1979 were followed up until 1998. Data included the number of shifts worked underground, the exposure to coal mine dust, quartz dust and nitrogen oxides, smoking behaviour and lung function parameters. General estimation equation (GEE) models were fitted. The effect of dust exposure on lung function described in older British and American coal miner studies was not confirmed. This can be explained partly by differences in methods but also by lower dust levels. Nitrogen oxide exposures showed no relevant influence on lung function, confirming findings from studies in British coal mining.
Descriptors (primary) Germany; nitrogen oxides; coal dust; coal mining
Descriptors (secondary) silica; airborne dust; smoking; exposure evaluation; long-term study; cohort study; statistical evaluation; dose-response relationship
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying