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Document ID (ISN)110963
CIS number 10-0532
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hansen ┼.M., Blangsted A.K., Hansen E.A., S°gaard K., Sj°gaard G.
Title Physical activity, job demand-control, perceived stress-energy, and salivary cortisol in white-collar workers
Bibliographic information Feb. 2010, Vol.83, No.2, p.143-153. Illus. 50 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the association between physical activity and perceived job demand, job control, perceived stress and energy, and physiological arousal reflected by morning and evening concentrations of cortisol in saliva among white-collar workers. Physical activity during the previous week was assessed during work and leisure time by a Danish version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and saliva samples were collected. The study group comprised 389 white-collar workers, aged 25-67 years, of which 257 were women. Physical activity during leisure time was associated with higher perceived energy, and for men also with lower perceived stress. Furthermore, physical activity at leisure time affected the association between salivary cortisol and perceived stress and energy, so that respondents being physically active at leisure time and perceiving higher energy showed higher evening saliva cortisol. It is concluded that physically active employees perceive less stress and more energy and that the association between stress-energy and salivary cortisol is affected by vigorous physical activity. Based on these results, it is recommended that office workers exposed to high job strain and inactivity at the job perform physical activity, preferably of high intensity, in order to reduce stress and increase energy.
Descriptors (primary) hormone secretion; physical fitness; psychology of work organization; white-collar workers; stress factors
Descriptors (secondary) determination in saliva; stress studies; subjective assessment
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Psychology of work organization
Mental stress and burnout