|Document ID (ISN)||110900|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
|Convention or series no.
||O'Connell R.L., White I.R., Mc Fadden J.P., White J.M.
||Hairdressers with dermatitis should always be patch tested regardless of atopy status
||Mar. 2010. Vol.62, No.3, p.177-181. 31 ref.
||Allergic contact dermatitis is common in hairdressers because of their exposure to chemicals used in hair dyes and permanent wave solutions. Atopic individuals are known to have a higher prevalence of leaving the occupation due to morbidity associated with hand eczema. The objective of this study was to assess which chemicals are responsible for allergic contact dermatitis in hairdressers and whether the prevalence is the same according to atopy status. A total of 729 hairdressers who had been patch tested were retrospectively identified. Allergic reactions to relevant allergens from the extended European baseline series and hairdressing series were analysed against history of atopic eczema. Of the total, 29.9% of patients had a current or past history of atopic eczema. The most frequent positive allergens were nickel sulfate (32.1%) and p-phenylenediamine (19.0%) and from the hairdressing series were glyceryl monothioglycolate (21.4%) and ammonium persulfate (10.6%). There was generally no significant difference between subjects with or without a history of atopic eczema. Implications of these findings are discussed.
||hair preparations; eczema; individual susceptibility; hairdressing; risk factors; frequency rates
||nickel sulfate; ammonium persulfate; glyceryl monothioglycolate; p-phenylenediamine; allergens; skin tests
||D - Periodical articles
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Hairdressing & beauty parlours