ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)110860
CIS number 10-0356
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Goetzel R.Z., Gibson T.B., Short M.E., Chu B.C., Waddell J., Bowen J., Lemon S.C., Fernandez I.D., Ozminkowski R.J., Wilson M.G., DeJoy D.M.
Title A multi-worksite analysis of the relationships among body mass index, medical utilization, and worker productivity
Bibliographic information Jan. 2010, Vol.52, No.1S, p.S52-S58. Illus. 38 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to quantify the direct medical and indirect (absence and productivity) cost burden of overweight and obesity in workers. A cross-sectional study of 10,026 employees in multiple professions and worksites across the United States was conducted. The main outcomes were five self-reported measures of workers' annual health care use and productivity: doctor visits, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, absenteeism and presenteeism. Data were analyzed using multivariate count and continuous data models. Obese employees were found to have 20% higher doctor visits than normal weight employees and 26% higher emergency department visits. Rates of doctor and emergency department visits for overweight employees were no different than those of normal weight employees. Compared to normal weight employees, presenteeism rates were 10% and 12% higher for overweight and obese employees, respectively. Taken together, compared to normal weight employees, obese and overweight workers were estimated to cost employers USD 644 and USD 201 more per employee per year, respectively.
Descriptors (primary) obesity; body weight; economic aspects
Descriptors (secondary) USA; work efficiency; sickness absenteeism; comparative study; cross-sectional study; statistical evaluation; medical treatment; cost of diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Generalities
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Nutrition
Economic aspects