|Document ID (ISN)||110810|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1641-9251 - International Maritime Health
|Convention or series no.
||Mouchtouri V.A., Nichols G., Rachiotis G., et al.
||State of the art: Public health and passenger ships
||2010, Vol.61, No.2, p.49-98. Approx. 150 ref.
||This report describes issues relevant to public health and reviews all passenger ship associated diseases and outbreaks. Moreover, legislation and practices on sanitation and diseases surveillance related to ships internationally were also reviewed. Some relevant historical information about infections on merchant ships is provided as well. The methods used to develop this state-of-the-art report included a scientific literature review, together with and an extensive and thorough search of the websites of organizations and government departments. The infections/outbreaks that occur on passenger ships include norovirus, Legionella, Salmonella, E. coli, Vibrio and influenza A and B virus. The modes of transmission include person to person, waterborne, foodborne airborne and vectorborne, while shore excursions are responsible for some outbreaks. The industry (especially the ferry industry) and sanitary organizations can enhance collaboration in order to implement integrated hygiene programmes and prevent the occurrence of communicable diseases aboard passenger ships.
||transport of persons; ships; infectious diseases; infection control
||ILO; IMO; WHO; viruses; contagion; immunodeficiency syndrome; cholera; legionellosis; plague; tuberculosis; influenza; dengue; yellow fever; infectious hepatitis; typhus; malaria; literature survey; legal aspects; report; history
||D - Periodical articles
||Transport and communications
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Viral diseases (other than aids)
Bacterial and parasitic diseases