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Document ID (ISN)110769
CIS number 10-0392
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 2010
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Georgiadou P.S.;, Papazoglou I.A.;, Kiranoudis C.T, Markatos N.C.
Title Multi-objective evolutionary emergency response optimization for major accidents
Bibliographic information June 2010, Vol.178, No.1-3, p.792-803. Illus. 60 ref.
Abstract Emergency response planning in case of a major accident (hazardous material event, nuclear accident) is very important for the protection of the public and workers' safety and health. In this context, several protective actions can be performed, such as evacuation of an area; protection of the population in buildings and use of personal protective equipment. The best solution is not unique when multiple criteria such as health consequences, social disruption and economic cost are taken into consideration. This article presents a methodology for multi-objective optimization of emergency response planning in case of a major accident. The emergency policy with regards to protective actions to be implemented is optimized. An evolutionary algorithm is used as the optimization tool. Case studies are presented demonstrating the application in hazardous materials installations, but the methodology is suitable for other situations such as nuclear facilities, transport of hazardous materials and land-use planning.
Descriptors (primary) dangerous substances; safety engineering; major hazards; plant safety organization
Descriptors (secondary) emergency organization; case study; description of technique
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Safety organization and training
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Major hazards
First aid and emergency organization