ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)110397
CIS number 09-1211
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mäkinen T.M., Jokelainen J., Näyhä S., Laatikainen T., Jousilahti P., Hassi J.
Title Occurrence of frostbite in the general population - Work-related and individual factors
Bibliographic information Sep. 2009, Vol.35, No.5, p.384-393. Illus. 35 ref.
Abstract Based on data from several regional surveys in Finland, this study analyzed the incidence of frostbite in the general population and the related risk factors. The annual frequencies of mild and severe frostbite were 12.9% and 1.1%, respectively. Frostbite was found to occur more frequently among men than women. Work-related risk factors included employment in certain industries, high physical strain and weekly cold exposure at work. Individual factors that increase frostbite risk are diabetes, white fingers in the cold, cardiac insufficiency, angina pectoris, stroke, depressive feelings and heavy alcohol consumption.
Descriptors (primary) Finland; frequency rates; risk factors; frostbite
Descriptors (secondary) non-occupational factors; cold workplaces; diabetes mellitus; circulatory disorders of the brain; alcoholism; assembly-line work; depressive neurosis; Raynaud's phenomenon; angina pectoris; construction industry; agriculture; fishing; sex-linked differences; job-exposure relation; cardiac insufficiency
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Heating, ventilation and climate
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Heat and cold
Alcohol and drug abuse