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Document ID (ISN)110224
CIS number 09-1238
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hart J.E., Laden F., Eisen E.A., Smith T.J., Garshick E.
Title Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality in railroad workers
Bibliographic information Apr. 2009, Vol.66, No.4, p.221-226. Illus. 68 ref.
Abstract United States railroad workers have been exposed to diesel exhaust since diesel locomotives were introduced after World War II. This retrospective cohort study examined the association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality with years of work in diesel-exposed jobs. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the adjusted incidence rate ratio. Workers in jobs with diesel exhaust exposure had an increased risk of COPD mortality relative to those in unexposed jobs. Workers hired after the introduction of diesel locomotives had a 2.5% increase in COPD mortality risk for each additional year of work in a diesel-exposed job.
Descriptors (primary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; USA; frequency rates; diesel locomotives; rail transport; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) chronic diseases; exhaust gases; statistical evaluation; long-term study; dose-response relationship; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Rail transportation
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)