ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)110071
CIS number 09-1110
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ebbeh°j N.E., Hein H.O., Suadicani P., Gyntelberg F.
Title Occupational organic solvent exposure, smoking, and prevalence of chronic bronchitis - An epidemiological study of 3387 men
Bibliographic information July 2008, Vol.50, No.7, p.730-735. 16 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the interaction between smoking and long-term occupational exposure to organic solvents on the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB). Data on 3387 men aged 63 ▒10 years were collected by means of a questionnaire on health, lifestyle, working conditions and exposure to solvents, together with a clinical examination including measurements of height, weight, and peak-flow. CB was observed in 461 subjects (14.4%). Current smoking and the interaction of smoking and occupational exposure to organic solvents for five years or more were the factors most strongly associated with prevalence of CB. In the solvent-exposed group, odds ratio for CB was 7.0 for current smokers compared to non-smokers, while it was only 3.7 in the unexposed group. Possible reasons for this increased risk are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) male workers; chronic bronchitis; risk factors; organic solvents; smoking
Descriptors (secondary) older workers; irritation; epidemiologic study; frequency rates; spirometry; statistical evaluation; medical examinations; long-term exposure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Older workers