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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)109943
CIS number 09-820
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Harris-Roberts J., Robinson E., Waterhouse J.C., Billings C.G., Proctor A.R., Stocks-Greaves M., Rahman S., Evans G., Garrod A., Curran A.D., Fishwick D.
Title Sensitization to wheat flour and enzymes and associated respiratory symptoms in British bakers
Bibliographic information Feb. 2009, Vol.52, No.2, p.133-140. 30 ref.
Abstract A cross-sectional study of 225 workers currently potentially exposed to flour dust in British bakeries was performed to identify predictors of sensitization to wheat flour and enzymes. Participants responded to a questionnaire and underwent lung function testing. The most commonly work-related reported symptoms were nasal irritation (28.9%), eye irritation (13.3%) and cough or chest tightness (10.2%). Chest tightness was significantly associated (odds ratio OR 7.9) with co-sensitization to wheat flour and any added enzyme. Fifty-one workers were atopic and 23 were sensitized to workplace allergens. Atopy was the strongest predictive factor (OR 18.4) determining sensitization. Current versus never smoking (OR 4.7) was a significant risk factor for sensitization in atopic workers only, after correction for the current level and duration of exposure. Other findings are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) bakery products industry; enzymes; flour; sensitization; respiratory diseases; pulmonary function; risk factors; symptoms
Descriptors (secondary) allergens; upper respiratory tract; eye irritation; United Kingdom; smoking; individual susceptibility; exposure evaluation; questionnaire survey; confounding factors; cross-sectional study; respiratory function tests; irritation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Food, beverage and tobacco industries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Food industry
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)