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Document ID (ISN)109816
CIS number 09-917
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Lafère P., Germonpré P., Balestra C.
Title Pulmonary barotrauma in divers during emergency free ascent training: Review of 124 cases
Bibliographic information Apr. 2009, Vol.80, No.4, p.371-375. 20 ref.
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the risks of pulmonary barotraumas (PBT) or arterial gas embolism (AGE) associated with normal recreational dives, training dives, and emergency free ascent (EFA). All diving accidents treated at the Centre for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (Brussels, Belgium) from 1995 to 2005 were reviewed. Data on the average number of dives performed and the proportion of training dives were obtained from the major Belgian diving associations. A total of 124 divers were treated, of whom 34 were diagnosed with PBT. Of those, 20 had symptoms of AGE. In 16 of those, EFA training exercise was deemed responsible for the injury. The association between EFA training and PBT proved to be very significant, with an odds ratio of 11.33. It was found that training dives carry a 100 to 400 times higher risk, and an ascent training dive a 500 to 1500 times higher risk for PBT than a non-training dive.
Descriptors (primary) Belgium; barotrauma; safety training in schools; diving; risk factors; arterial embolism
Descriptors (secondary) medical treatment; hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceBelgium
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Cardiovascular diseases
Hyperbaric pressure
OSH training