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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)109754
CIS number 09-638
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hansson S.O., RudÚn C.
Title A risk-neutral default for chemical risk management
Bibliographic information Dec. 2008, Vol.51, No.12, p.964-967. 5 ref.
Abstract In many risk management decisions concerning industrial chemicals, the lack of toxicity data is interpreted as absence of toxicity. In other words, if the toxicity of a chemical is unknown, it is treated as having no or low toxicity. This practice is difficult to defend from a decision-theoretical point of view. Using standard decision theory to toxicity data, this article proposes an alternative approach in which substances with unknown properties are treated as if they had the average toxicity among tested substances in the group to which they belong. It argues that such a risk-neutral approach is preferable to the current practice of treating substances with unknown toxicity in the same manner as substances assumed to have no harmful properties.
Descriptors (primary) toxic substances; plant safety and health organization; hazard evaluation; chemical products
Descriptors (secondary) labelling; data sheet; description of technique
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation