|Document ID (ISN)||109753|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Lehman E.J., Hein M.J., Estill C.F.
||Proportionate mortality study of the United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry
||Dec. 2008, Vol.51, No.12, p.950-963. 50 ref.
||This study examined causes of deaths among unionized plumbers, pipefitters and allied trades in the United States. Deaths of union members from the years 1971, 1979, 1987, and 1995 were selected as a representative sample from a computer file provided by the union. These years provided 15,411 deaths for proportionate mortality ratio (PMR) analysis. PMRs for lung cancer and asbestosis were significantly elevated compared to white males in the United States. PMRs for chronic disease of the endocardium and cardiomyopathy were also elevated. However, no elevated risks were observed for other diseases. Implications of these findings are discussed.
||USA; plumbing; pipelaying; mortality
||male workers; lung cancer; risk factors; heart diseases; asbestosis
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Metal production and metalworking
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Trenching and excavating