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Document ID (ISN)109607
CIS number 09-543
ISSN - Serial title 0944-2502 - Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Seidler A., Schumann B., Handschuh C., Kronen A., Bergmann A., Ditchen D., Ellegast R., Elsner G., Grifka J., Haerting J., Hofmann F., Jäger M., Linhardt O., Luttmann A., Michaelis M., Petereit-Haack G., Bolm-Audorff U.
Title Importance of body mass and smoking in the aetiology of lumbar disk injuries - Findings of a German study of the spinal column
Original title Die Bedeutung von Körpergewicht und Rauchverhalten für die Entstehung bandscheibenbedingter Erkrankungen der Lendenwirbelsäule - Ergebnisse der Deutschen Wirbelsäulenstudie [in German]
Bibliographic information Dec. 2008, Vol.58, No.12, p.354-359. Illus. 7 ref.
Abstract This study of the effects of body mass and smoking, coupled with lumbar loads, on lumbar disk injuries involved 564 cases of lumbar disc prolapse and 352 cases of lumbar chondrosis, together with a control group of 901 subjects randomly selected among the general population. Findings indicate a positive relationship between body mass and diagnoses of prolapse or chondrosis. It is estimated that the combined effect of body mass and lumbar load is at the most additive. With respect to smoking, no clear dose-related result was found; a slightly increased risk of lumbar disc injury was observable among moderate smokers, but not among heavy smokers.
Descriptors (primary) smoking; body weight; disc lesions; lumbar column
Descriptors (secondary) Germany; case-control study; spinal column; physical workload
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system