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Document ID (ISN)109400
CIS number 09-480
ISSN - Serial title 0925-7535 - Safety Science
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Knudsen F.
Title Paperwork at the service of safety? Workers' reluctance against written procedures exemplified by the concept of "seamanship"
Bibliographic information Feb. 2009, Vol.47, No.2, p.295-303. 45 ref.
Abstract Efforts to reduce accidents in seafaring have led to a proliferation of procedures such as workplace assessments and checklists. Unfortunately, written procedures are perceived by many seafarers as counteracting the use of common sense, experience, and professional knowledge epitomized in the concept of seamanship. Their objections fit the Dreyfus and Dreyfus' model of skill acquisition according to which while novices steadily follow context-independent rules, the expert's behaviour goes beyond analytical rationality, and is situational, experience-based and intuitive. This article discussed the issues raised when written procedures are perceived as a hindrance to safety.
Descriptors (primary) safety engineering; safety consciousness; human factors; expertise; ships; sea transport; experience
Descriptors (secondary) plant safety organization; disobeying safety instructions; check lists; safety training in industry
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Workers' compensation
Water transportation
Safety culture and safety consciousness
Psychological factors