|Document ID (ISN)||109323|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Rabinowitz P.M., Galusha D., Slade M.D., Dixon-Ernst C., O'Neill A., Fiellin M., Cullen M.R.
||Organic solvent exposure and hearing loss in a cohort of aluminium workers
||Apr. 2008, Vol.65, No.4, p.230-235. 18 ref.
||This retrospective cohort study was undertaken to examine the relationship between solvent exposure and hearing loss among workers of a large aluminium producer in the United States. A cohort of 1319 workers aged 35 years or less at inception was followed for five years. Typical solvent exposures involved mixtures of xylene, toluene and methyl ethyl ketone. Subjects were classified as solvent exposed or not on the basis of industrial hygiene records linked with individual job histories. Hearing levels were assessed using pure tone audiometry. Data were subjected to univariate and multivariate logistic models. Findings show that exposure to organic solvents is a risk factor for high frequency hearing loss, although the data do not allow conclusions about dose-response relationships.
||aluminium industry; risk factors; hearing loss; organic solvents
||USA; butanone; toluene; xylene; statistical evaluation; cohort study; long-term study; pure-tone audiometry; exposure evaluation
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Metal production and metalworking
Noise, hearing and vibration
|Broad subject area(s)
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Smelting and refining operations
Diseases of the ear and hearing damage