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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)109218
CIS number 09-147
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Brook R.D., Jerrett M., Brook J.R., Bard R.L., Finkelstein M.M.
Title The relationship between diabetes mellitus and traffic-related air pollution
Bibliographic information Jan. 2008, Vol.50, No.1, p.32-38. Illus. 45 ref.
Abstract Air pollution is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular events. Several of the biological pathways involved could also promote diabetes mellitus (DM). This study investigated the association between DM prevalence and exposure to traffic-related air pollution (nitrogen dioxide, NO2). Study participants were patients who attended two respiratory clinics in Canada. Those among them with DM were identified by linkage to the database of the Ontario Health Insurance Plan. Geographic information systems methodology was used to assign individual estimates of NO2 based on a network of samplers in each city. Logistic regression was used to estimate the relations between NO2 exposures and the odds of DM. After adjusting for age, body mass index and neighborhood income, there were weak positive effects in women (odds ratio 1.04) but not among men.
Descriptors (primary) Ontario; risk factors; atmospheric pollution; diabetes mellitus
Descriptors (secondary) Canada; nitrogen dioxide; respiratory diseases; exhaust gases; exposure evaluation; computerized data bases; role of insurance institutions; sex-linked differences; sampling and analysis; statistical evaluation; hospitals
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada; USA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Metabolic diseases
Environmental pollution
Air pollution