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Document ID (ISN)109184
CIS number 09-201
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Oldenburg M., Latza U., Baur X.
Title Occupational health risks due to shipboard cockroaches
Bibliographic information May 2008, Vol.81, No.6, p.727-734. 31 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sensitization to cockroaches in seafarers. In July 2005, 145 seamen sailing under the German flag were recruited from a medical surveillance programme for a cross-sectional study. Standardized interviews and skin prick tests (SPT) with nine common inhalant allergens and a cockroach extract (Blatella germanica) were performed. Furthermore among cockroach-sensitized seafarers, total and cockroach-specific IgE was measured and lung function tests conducted. In total, 39 seamen (26.9%) were cockroach-sensitized according to the SPT results. Presence of cockroach sensitization in seamen from the tropical zone (37.3%) was significantly higher than in seamen from the temperate zone (21.3%) (odds ratio 2.20). Other findings are discussed. Longitudinal studies and bronchial cockroach challenge tests are necessary to for a more complete assessment of the clinical relevance of cockroach sensitization on board ships.
Descriptors (primary) insects; sensitization; sea transport; ships
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; allergens; immunoglobulins; frequency rates; cross-sectional study; skin tests; respiratory function tests; Germany
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Water transportation
Animal hazards