|Document ID (ISN)||109184|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Oldenburg M., Latza U., Baur X.
||Occupational health risks due to shipboard cockroaches
||May 2008, Vol.81, No.6, p.727-734. 31 ref.
||The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of sensitization to cockroaches in seafarers. In July 2005, 145 seamen sailing under the German flag were recruited from a medical surveillance programme for a cross-sectional study. Standardized interviews and skin prick tests (SPT) with nine common inhalant allergens and a cockroach extract (Blatella germanica) were performed. Furthermore among cockroach-sensitized seafarers, total and cockroach-specific IgE was measured and lung function tests conducted. In total, 39 seamen (26.9%) were cockroach-sensitized according to the SPT results. Presence of cockroach sensitization in seamen from the tropical zone (37.3%) was significantly higher than in seamen from the temperate zone (21.3%) (odds ratio 2.20). Other findings are discussed. Longitudinal studies and bronchial cockroach challenge tests are necessary to for a more complete assessment of the clinical relevance of cockroach sensitization on board ships.
||insects; sensitization; sea transport; ships
||race-linked differences; allergens; immunoglobulins; frequency rates; cross-sectional study; skin tests; respiratory function tests; Germany
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany|
||Transport and communications
|Broad subject area(s)