|Document ID (ISN)||109084|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||de la Hoz R.E., Shohet M.R., Chasan R, Bienenfeld L.A., Afilaka A.A., Levin S.M., Herbert R.
||Occupational toxicant inhalation injury: The World Trade Center (WTC) experience
||Feb. 2008, Vol.81, No.4, p.479-485. Illus. 34 ref.
||The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of diseases in a group of 554 former workers and volunteers (with more than 90 different occupations) at the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site. A subsample of 168 workers was selected to examine lower airway disease risk in relation to smoking and WTC exposure variables. Five diagnostic categories clearly predominate: upper airway disease (78.5%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (57.6%), lower airway disease (48.9%), psychological (41.9%) and chronic musculoskeletal illnesses (17.8%). The most frequent pattern of presentation was a combination of the first three of these categories (29.8%). Associations were found between arrival at the WTC site within the first 48h of the terrorist attack and lower airway and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and between past or present cigarette smoking and lower airway disease. Cigarette smoking and early arrival at the WTC site appear to be risk factors for lower airway disease diagnosis.
||New York; inhalation; terrorism; health hazards; toxic substances
||irritants; USA; smoking; mental disorders; statistical evaluation; respiratory diseases; oesophageal diseases; musculoskeletal diseases; asthma
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Violence and terrorism