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Document ID (ISN)109083
CIS number 09-217
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) vanáRhenen W., Schaufeli W.B., vanáDijk F.J.H., Blonk R.W.B.
Title Coping and sickness absence
Bibliographic information Feb. 2008, Vol.81, No.4, p.461-472. 64 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the role of coping styles in sickness absence. Based on the fact that, contrary to reactive-passive focused strategies, problem-solving strategies are generally associated with positive results in terms of well-being and overall health outcome, the hypothesis was that such strategies are positively related to a low frequency of sickness absence and with short durations per spell. Data were collected from 3628 employees of a Dutch telecom company who were subsequently followed for one year for sickness absence. In accordance with the hypothesis, and after adjustment for potential confounders, employees with an active problem-solving coping strategy were less prone to sickness absence in terms of frequency and duration. The median time before the onset of a new episode of absenteeism is significantly extended for active problem-solving and reduced for avoidance and for a palliative response.
Descriptors (primary) sickness absenteeism; stress factors; telecommunications
Descriptors (secondary) Netherlands; individual variables; frequency rates; mental health; survey; psychology of absenteeism
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Communications industry
Mental stress and burnout