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Document ID (ISN)109044
CIS number 09-124
ISSN - Serial title 1545-9624 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 2007
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Smith P.A., Jackson Lepage C., Harrer K.L., Brochu P.J.
Title Hand-held photoionization instruments for quantitative detection of sarin vapor and for rapid qualitative screening of contaminated objects
Bibliographic information Oct. 2007, Vol.4, No.10, p.729-738. Illus. 8 ref.
Abstract Emergency responders and health care personnel may be in contact with patients from an incident involving exposures to hazardous chemicals. Using detectors could avoid additional contamination to workers, other patients, and to the treatment facility and associated equipment. In this study, the operating characteristics of several photoionization detectors (PIDs) were examined using sarin in a laboratory setting. Instrument response factors were calculated for the quantification of airborne sarin, and speed of detector response and recovery were examined with contaminated cloth material. Findings are discussed. It is concluded that within health care settings, hand-held PID instruments could fill an important need as a detector for liquid contamination from extremely dangerous chemicals.
Descriptors (primary) detection by photoionization; evaluation of equipment; sarin; terrorism; chemical products; sampling and analysis; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) reliability; limitation of exposure; exposure evaluation; description of technique; contamination; determination in air; health care personnel
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada; USA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Esters and salts
Violence and terrorism