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Document ID (ISN)108988
CIS number 08-1371
Year 2009
Convention or series no. European Risk Observatory Report EN 2
Author(s) Kosk-Bienko J.
Title Workplace exposure to nanoparticles
Bibliographic information European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 89p. Illus. 341 ref.
Internet access http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace_exposure_to_nanoparticles [in English]
Abstract This literature survey presents the latest knowledge concerning the risks of workplace exposure to nanoparticles. With the growing importance and more widespread use of nanoparticles in the economy, it is essential that as much be learned about their potentially harmful effects (and how to prevent them) as possible. In-vivo studies have shown inflammation, fibrosis and tumours induced by several granular nanomaterials in the lungs after respiratory exposure. Currently the mechanism of tumour formation is not fully understood and scientific uncertainties remain. No harmful effects of skin exposure have been shown so far. Protective measures that are typically used to protect against insoluble materials, like dusts, are usually recommended for nanomaterials as well. The effectiveness of current methods of respiratory protection is still to be investigated.
Descriptors (primary) nanotechnology; European Union; nanoparticles
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; limitation of exposure; respirable dust; respiratory diseases
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceEuropean Union; Spain
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) New technologies
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Nanotechnology and nanoparticles