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Document ID (ISN)108966
CIS number 08-1476
ISSN - Serial title 0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
Year 2009
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hilton M.F., Staddon Z., Sheridan J., Whiteford H.A.
Title The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance
Bibliographic information May 2009, Vol.41, No.3, p.453-461. 90 ref.
Abstract There is a high level of psychological distress in full-time heavy goods vehicle drivers (HGV) in Australia (incidence rate: 4.5% per month). A questionnaire survey was carried out among Australian HGV drivers using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale and the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaires (completed answers received: 1324). Depression, anxiety and stress had no significant effect on driver absenteeism or self-rated driving performance. However, where there was severe (1.5%) or very severe (1.8%) depression, there was an increased odds ratio (OR=4.5 and 5.0, respectively) for being involved in an accident or near-miss in the past 28 days, a result similar to that obtained when driving with a blood alcohol content of about 0.08%. It is suggested that an action plan focusing on drivers' mental health status be developed in order to reduce accidents and driver fatalities.
Descriptors (primary) depressive neurosis; psychology of accidents; road transport; drivers; trucks; mental health
Descriptors (secondary) Australia; fatalities; questionnaire survey; sickness absenteeism
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Road transportation
Psychological factors