|Document ID (ISN)||108966|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
|Convention or series no.
||Hilton M.F., Staddon Z., Sheridan J., Whiteford H.A.
||The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance
||May 2009, Vol.41, No.3, p.453-461. 90 ref.
||There is a high level of psychological distress in full-time heavy goods vehicle drivers (HGV) in Australia (incidence rate: 4.5% per month). A questionnaire survey was carried out among Australian HGV drivers using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale and the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaires (completed answers received: 1324). Depression, anxiety and stress had no significant effect on driver absenteeism or self-rated driving performance. However, where there was severe (1.5%) or very severe (1.8%) depression, there was an increased odds ratio (OR=4.5 and 5.0, respectively) for being involved in an accident or near-miss in the past 28 days, a result similar to that obtained when driving with a blood alcohol content of about 0.08%. It is suggested that an action plan focusing on drivers' mental health status be developed in order to reduce accidents and driver fatalities.
||depressive neurosis; psychology of accidents; road transport; drivers; trucks; mental health
||Australia; fatalities; questionnaire survey; sickness absenteeism
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Australia|
||Transport and communications
|Broad subject area(s)
||Stress, psychosocial factors