|Document ID (ISN)||108895|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Lohi J., Kyyr÷nen P., Kauppinen T., Kujala V., Pukkala E.
||Occupational exposure to solvents and gasoline and risk of cancers in the urinary tract among Finnish workers
||Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.668-672. 15 ref.
||The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of cancers of the urinary tract in relation to occupational exposure to solvents and gasoline. A cross-sectional cohort of all economically active Finns from the 1970 population census was followed up for bladder cancer (BC, 10,277 cases) and renal cell cancer (RCC, 9954 cases). Exposure to hydrocarbons solvents and gasoline were assessed with a job exposure matrix. Relative risks (RR) were defined using Poisson regression models, adjusted for smoking and obesity. Exposure to solvents was positively associated with the incidence of BC in women but not in men. The RRs were above 1.2 in nearly all exposures studied but a statistically significant excess was only seen for middle levels of chlorinated solvents (1.7) and low levels of aromatic solvents (1.6). The RRs for RCC were close to unity in all exposures studied.
||Finland; renal cancer; risk factors; motor fuel; solvents; bladder tumour
||aromatic hydrocarbons; cohort study; statistical evaluation; sex-linked differences; job-exposure relation; chlorinated hydrocarbons
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Finland|
|Broad subject area(s)
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system