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Document ID (ISN)108409
CIS number 08-899
ISSN - Serial title 0029-7909 - Occupational Hazards
Year 2008
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bruck L.
Title Confined space safety and rescue: Challenges and lessons learned
Bibliographic information Apr. 2008, No.31, p.29-31. Illus. 7 ref.
Abstract A confined space is a volume that is large enough for an employee to enter and perform work, but has limited or restricted means of entry and exit and is not designed for continuous human occupancy. Confined space rescues account for a disproportionate number of fatalities suffered not only by rescue personnel, but also among bystanders and co-workers who make valiant, and often futile, efforts to bring victims to safety. Atmospheric hazards (oxygen deficiency, oxygen enrichment, flammable gases or vapors and toxic gases or vapors) are responsible for more than half of all confined space fatalities. Oxygen deficiency is the most frequently encountered of the atmospheric hazards, followed by the potential for explosion or burn-related fatality and by fatality due to toxic atmospheres. This article emphasizes the key importance of proper respiratory protection, monitoring and training for preventing fatalities associated with confined space rescue.
Descriptors (primary) confined spaces; work in confined spaces; fatalities; escape and rescue; risk factors; rescue training
Descriptors (secondary) toxic gases; explosive atmospheres; safety training in industry; oxygen deficiency; asphyxia; respirators
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Confined spaces
OSH training