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Document ID (ISN)108306
CIS number 08-900
Year 2006
Convention or series no. HSE Research Report 470
Author(s) Miller B.G., Cowie H.A., Soutar C.A.
Health and Safety Executive
Title Coal mine dust as a benchmark for standards for other poorly soluble dusts: Partial position report
Bibliographic information HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2006. iv, 19p. 11 ref.
Internet access [in English]
Abstract The aim of this study was to review the epidemiological evidence that could justify applying quantitative risks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (derived from coal miners' studies to low solubility dusts in general, using lung function and respiratory symptoms data as diagnostic markers. Work involved comparing published effects of low toxicity mineral dust exposures on lung function in four occupational groups (coal miners, talc workers, PVC workers and heavy clay workers). Coalminers and talc workers had similar exposure levels. PVC workers had lower average exposure levels, but this may be due to an underestimation of cumulative dust exposure in this population. Coalminers showed a decline of 0.19 standardised units of FEV1 for 100 units increase in dust exposure. Corresponding values for talc and PVC were 0.26 and 0.66 respectively. Relative risks of reporting symptoms were very similar for coalminers and heavy clay workers; they could not be calculated for talc or PVC workers, but were clearly of the same order of magnitude.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; coal dust; risk factors; respirable dust; pulmonary function; obstructive ventilatory impairment
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; United Kingdom; report; polyvinyl chloride; clay; talc; coal mining; epidemiology; diagnosis; one-second forced expiratory volume; exposure evaluation; non-metallic mineral products industries; symptoms
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Dust, aerosols and related diseases
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)