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Document ID (ISN)108240
CIS number 08-671
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2007
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16059 C 10, 2-2007
Author(s) Testud F., Grillet J.P.
Title Organophosphorus, carbamate, synthetic pyrethroid and various other insecticides
Original title Insecticides organophosphorés, carbamates, pyréthrinoïdes de synthèse et divers [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 2nd Quarter 2007, No.155, 24p. Illus. 187 ref.
Abstract Insecticides consist of substances that are highly toxic for the central and/or peripheral nervous system. Their neurotoxicity is the reason behind both their effectiveness against insects and their toxic effects on humans. Recent regulatory trends have caused the withdrawal of many active substances, in particular organophosphorus compounds and carbamates. Pyrethroids are currently the most widely-used insecticides, in consideration of their effectiveness on insects coupled with their low mammalian toxicity. For each of the main classes of insecticides, this article presents the toxicokintetics, biochemical mode of action and toxic effects reported in humans in the main exposure settings, namely farming, public health and consumer use.
Descriptors (primary) France; organophosphorus compounds; toxicology; carbamates; insecticides; pyrethroids
Descriptors (secondary) neurotoxic effects; data sheet; encyclopaedia; suicide
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Esters and salts