ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Français | Español

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)108190
CIS number 08-694
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2008
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16560 A 10, 1-2008
Author(s) Géraut C., Tripodi D., Géraut L.
Title Risks of scuba diving and working in hyperbaric conditions
Original title Risques de la plongée sous-marine et du travail en milieu hyperbare [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 1st Quarter 2008, No.158, 13p. 56 ref.
Abstract The techniques used for scuba diving have evolved recently, with the use of mixtures enriched in oxygen or containing inert gases other than nitrogen. New diseases have emerged, related to an excess of oxygen or increasingly high pressures, as well as to the use of sophisticated devices such as rebreathers or open circuit scuba regulators for which even minor dosage errors can have severe consequences. Diving-related disorders which were underestimated until recently, such as pulmonary oedema, involve various and complex mechanisms. There have been advances in the understanding of mechanisms responsible for gas embolism in recent years, together with the tracking of the circulating gas bubbles, which have contributed to limiting such accidents. The recompression protocols are increasingly strict, the importance of an early detection of decompression events is recognized and recompression chambers need to be entered without delay. Regulation has become strict and the criteria for aptitude have been improved thanks to the shared experience of physicians specialized in hyperbaric pathology.
Descriptors (primary) hyperbaric pressure; occupational diseases; risk factors; diving; France
Descriptors (secondary) hyperventilation; decompression; arterial embolism; recompression; pulmonary oedema; encyclopaedia; data sheet; industrial physicians; safe working methods
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Construction industry
Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Hyperbaric pressure