|Document ID (ISN)||107979|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0041-1868 - Travail humain
|Convention or series no.
||Uncertainties, beliefs and safety management
||Incertitudes, croyances et management de la sÚcuritÚ [in French]|
||Apr. 2007, Vol.70, No.3, p.271-287. Illus. 32 ref.
||Risky situations are situations mostly characterized by uncertainty. This review article starts with a description of the link between the notions of risk and uncertainty by stressing the fact that uncertainty is an important component of risk appraisal, and shows that what is called risk is in fact a social construct. It then shows that risk appraisal and accident explanation are opportunities particularly favourable to the expression of beliefs and causal inferences. The role of such beliefs and inferences is to fill the gap in scientific knowledge regarding risky situations. In face of this gap, people tend to use heuristics in order to reduce the uncertainty and to facilitate risk assessment. But many factors (cognitive, motivational, affective) lead to distortions in risk perception and accident explanation. They are either linked to the characteristics of the risk itself or to the characteristics proper to the perceiver or the explainer. These factors create illusions and false certainties in risk perception and accident explanation, which may lead to unsafe behaviours. Investigating these beliefs could be useful to design preventive messages and to influence more efficiently individual behaviours in favour of safety.
||safety consciousness; subjective assessment; plant safety organization; hazard evaluation; human factors
||analysis of accident causes; causes of accidents; unsafe acts; human behaviour
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||France|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Stress, psychosocial factors
Safety culture and safety consciousness